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Kai Adachi 1 Article
Effectiveness of endoscopic ultrasound-guided tissue acquisition with stereomicroscopic on-site evaluation for preoperative diagnosis of resectable or borderline resectable pancreatic cancer: a prospective study
Junro Ishizaki, Kosuke Okuwaki, Masafumi Watanabe, Hiroshi Imaizumi, Tomohisa Iwai, Rikiya Hasegawa, Takahiro Kurosu, Masayoshi Tadehara, Takaaki Matsumoto, Kai Adachi, Taro Hanaoka, Mitsuhiro Kida, Chika Kusano
Received October 25, 2023  Accepted January 15, 2024  Published online May 24, 2024  
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5946/ce.2023.277    [Epub ahead of print]
Graphical AbstractGraphical Abstract AbstractAbstract PDFPubReaderePub
Background
/Aims: To validate endoscopic ultrasound-guided tissue acquisition (EUS-TA) used in conjunction with stereomicroscopic on-site evaluation (SOSE) as a preoperative diagnostic tool for resectable pancreatic cancer (R-PC) and borderline resectable PC (BR-PC).
Methods
Seventy-eight consecutive patients who underwent EUS-TA for suspected R-PC or BR-PC were enrolled. The primary endpoint was the sensitivity of EUS-TA together with SOSE based on the stereomicroscopically visible white core (SVWC) cutoff value. One or two sites were punctured by using a 22-gauge biopsy needle for EUS-TA, based on the SOSE findings.
Results
We collected 99 specimens from 56 and 22 patients with R-PC and BR-PC, respectively. Based on the SOSE results, we performed 57 procedures with one puncture. The SVWC cutoff values were met in 73.7% and 73.1% of all specimens and in those obtained during the first puncture, respectively. The final diagnoses were malignant and benign tumors in 76 and two patients, respectively. The overall sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of EUS-TA for the 78 lesions were 90.8%, 100%, and 91.0%, respectively. The sensitivity for malignant diagnosis based on the SVWC cutoff value were 89.5% and 90.4% for the first puncture and all specimens, respectively.
Conclusions
The sensitivity of EUS-TA in conjunction with SOSE for malignancy diagnosis in patients with suspected R-PC or BR-PC was 90.4%.
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