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Nergiz Ekmen 1 Article
Evaluation of Non-invasive Fibrosis Markers in Predicting Esophageal Variceal Bleeding
Sami Cifci, Nergiz Ekmen
Clin Endosc 2021;54(6):857-863.   Published online May 26, 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5946/ce.2021.028
AbstractAbstract PDFPubReaderePub
Background
/Aims: Esophageal variceal bleeding (EVB) is an important cause of mortality and morbidity in liver cirrhosis. In this study, we aimed to predict the possibility of EVB in patients with cirrhosis using a non-invasive score.
Methods
A total of 359 patients with cirrhosis were divided into two groups based on the presence or absence of EVB. ChildTurcotte-Pugh (CTP) score, a model for end-stage liver disease, aspartate aminotransferase to alanine aminotransferase ratio, aspartate aminotransferase to platelet ratio index (APRI), fibrosis-4-index (FIB-4), aspartate aminotransferase to alanine aminotransferase ratio/platelet ratio index (AARPRI), and S-index were measured for all participants. Receiver operating characteristic curves were obtained for all parameters, and the optimal cut-off value was determined in predicting EVB.
Results
In patients with EVB, the number of platelets (PLT) were low (p<0.001) and APRI, AARPRI, FIB-4, and S-index were significantly higher than those in patients without EBV. APRI, AARPRI, FIB-4, PLT, and S-index were statistically significant predictors of EVB (p<0.05).
Conclusions
FIB-4 and AARPRI, which are non-invasive markers of fibrosis, can be used to predict EVB. In addition, the 66.5 109/L cut-off value for PLT is important for EVB.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
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    Cureus.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
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    Pediatric Surgery International.2022; 38(12): 1799.     CrossRef
  • Liver Fibrosis Indices Predict the Severity of SARS-CoV-2 Infection
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    Journal of Clinical Medicine.2022; 11(18): 5369.     CrossRef
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