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Tomoki Ebata 1 Article
Impact of sarcopenia on biliary drainage during neoadjuvant therapy for pancreatic cancer
Kunio Kataoka, Eizaburo Ohno, Takuya Ishikawa, Kentaro Yamao, Yasuyuki Mizutani, Tadashi Iida, Hideki Takami, Osamu Maeda, Junpei Yamaguchi, Yukihiro Yokoyama, Tomoki Ebata, Yasuhiro Kodera, Hiroki Kawashima
Clin Endosc 2024;57(1):112-121.   Published online July 18, 2023
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5946/ce.2022.278
Graphical AbstractGraphical Abstract AbstractAbstract PDFPubReaderePub
Background
/Aims: Since the usefulness of neoadjuvant chemo(radiation) therapy (NAT) for pancreatic cancer has been demonstrated, recurrent biliary obstruction (RBO) in patients with pancreatic cancer with a fully covered self-expandable metal stent (FCSEMS) during NAT is expected to increase. This study investigated the impact of sarcopenia on RBO in this setting.
Methods
Patients were divided into normal and low skeletal muscle index (SMI) groups and retrospectively analyzed. Patient characteristics, overall survival, time to RBO (TRBO), stent-related adverse events, and postoperative complications were compared between the two groups. A Cox proportional hazard model was used to identify the risk factors for short TRBO.
Results
A few significant differences were observed in patient characteristics, overall survival, stent-related adverse events, and postoperative complications between 38 patients in the normal SMI group and 17 in the low SMI group. The median TRBO was not reached in the normal SMI group and was 112 days in the low SMI group (p=0.004). In multivariate analysis, low SMI was the only risk factor for short TRBO, with a hazard ratio of 5.707 (95% confidence interval, 1.148–28.381; p=0.033).
Conclusions
Sarcopenia was identified as an independent risk factor for RBO in patients with pancreatic cancer with FCSEMS during NAT.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Endeavors to prevent stent malfunction: new insights into the risk factors for recurrent biliary obstruction
    Sung-Jo Bang
    Clinical Endoscopy.2024; 57(1): 56.     CrossRef
  • Skeletal muscle status and survival among patients with advanced biliary tract cancer
    Shinya Takaoka, Tsuyoshi Hamada, Naminatsu Takahara, Kei Saito, Go Endo, Ryunosuke Hakuta, Kota Ishida, Kazunaga Ishigaki, Sachiko Kanai, Kohei Kurihara, Hiroki Oyama, Tomotaka Saito, Tatsuya Sato, Tatsunori Suzuki, Yukari Suzuki, Shuichi Tange, Yurie Tok
    International Journal of Clinical Oncology.2024; 29(3): 297.     CrossRef
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