Korean J Gastrointest Endosc > Volume 14(4); 1994 > Article
Korean Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy 1994;14(4): 494-499.
증례 : 동종골수이식후 발생한 중증 장관 이식편대 숙주반응으로 사망한 1예 ( Case Reports : A Case of Intestinal GVHD after Allogeneic Bone Marrow Transplantation for Treatment of Severe Aplastic Anemia )
문영명, 강진경, 박인서, 정재복, 문희용, 민유흥, 이승태 (Young Myung Moon, Jin Kyung Kang, In Suh Park, Jae Bock Chung, Hee Yon Moon, Yoo Hong Min and Seong Tae Lee)
Bone marrow transplantation has become an accepted treatment for malignancy(particulary leukemia and lymphoma), aplastic anemia, and certain inborn errors of metabolism. In addition to the problem of severe, prolonged myelosuppression, bone marrow transplantation is associated with several unusual complications. Among the complications such as GVHD, graft rejection, interstitial pneumonia and veno-occlusive disease, involvement of the gastrointestinal tract by GVHD is associated with high graft failure and mortality. Intestinal GVHD is usually manifest clinically as voluminous secretory diarrhea accompanied by abdominal cramping, ileus, nutritional depletion, and, at times, hemorrhage. We experienced a case of severe intestinal GVHD after allogeneic marrow transplantation for treatment of severe aplastic anemia. He received bone marrow from his elder sister, HLA-matched multiparous woman and suffered from large amount of watery diarrhea with skin rash 34 days after transplantation. 1n spite of prednisolone therapy the symptom was progressed. After sigmoidoscopic mucosal biopsy, intestinal GVHD was confirmed and we tried methylprednisolone pulse therapy. Skin lesion was improved but the amount of diarrhea was increased with intermittent abdominal cramping. We tried ALG(anti-lymphocyte globulin) and conservative management but the patient did not respond the therapy. He succumbed to pneumonia and acute respiratory insufficiency complicated with GVHD, 70days after transplantation.
Key Words: Bone marrow transplantation , Intestinal GVHD
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