Korean J Gastrointest Endosc > Volume 14(3); 1994 > Article
Korean Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy 1994;14(3): 325-330.
원저 : 식도정맥류 출혈에 대한 내시경적 정맥류 결찰요법의 임상적 고찰 ( Original Articles : Endoscopic Variceal Ligation for Treatment of Esophageal Varices )
함준수, 기춘석, 박경남, 이민호, 윤석진 (Joon Soo Hahm, Choon Suhk Kee, Kyung Nam Park, Min Ho Lee and Seok Jin Yoon)
Endoscopic injection sclerotherapy(EIS) has been widely used in treating and eradicating acutely bleeding esophageal varies, but may be associated with some undesirable local and systemic complications. Endoscopic variceal ligation(EVL), which consists of mechanicai ligation and thrombosis of varices using elastic o-band, has been recently developed as a non operative alternative to EIS. We performed EVL in 65 patients who had bled from esophageal varices between November 1991 and September 1993. Total 274 sessions were performed and 774 o-bands were used. Six patients were actively bleeding and all of them were successfully controlled by emergency EVL. During the follow-up period, five patients who had combined hepatoma died. Varices were eradicated or reduced grade I in 43(71.6%) of the 60 survivals by 8-36 ligations(mean 15.6 ligation) in 2-13 EVL sessions(mean 5.6 sessions). During follow up period, five patients had recurred from grade 0 to grade 2 or 3 in 106-260 days(mean 182.6 days), and then eradicated by repeated EVL. During or after EVL, there were no complications, except mild substernal distress and mild dysphagia in 17 and 7 patients respectively. These results showed that EVL is a safe and effective method for eradication of bleeding esophageal varices.
Key Words: Esophageal varices , Esophageal vericeal ligation ( EVL ) , Endoscopic injection sclerotherapy ( EIS )
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