Korean J Gastrointest Endosc > Volume 15(1); 1995 > Article
Korean Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy 1995;15(1): 46-53.
원저 : 소화성궤양 출혈의 에탄올 경화요법의 효과와 궤양 기저부 형태에 따른 지혈 치료의 필요성 ( Original Articles : Efficacy and Need of Sclerotherapy with Ethanol Injection on the Bleeding Peptic Ulcer )
신원창, 김관엽 (Won Chang Shin and Kwan Yop Kim)
The peptic ulcer is the most common cause of the upper gastrointestinal bleeding. We evaluated the efficacy of the sclerotherapy by endoscopic injection of ethanol for the bleeding peptic ulcer patients. We also evaluated the need of the sclerotherapy on the bleeding peptic ulcer according to the bleeding stigmata on the ulcer base. We classified the bleeding stigmata on the ulcer base with 4 group: active bleeding(21/345, 6%), visible vessel(122/345, 35%), red spot(97/345, 28%), no stigmata(105/345, 31%). The patients who manifested hernatemesis, melena, or both initially, were diagnosed as benign gastric ulcer(BGU, 179 patients) and duodenal ulcer(BDU, 166 patients). The median age was 57 year-old in the BGU patients and 37 year-old in the BDU patients. The sclerotherapy was performed to the 109 patients(58 BGU and 51 BDU patients), 96 patients(96/109, 89%) show permanent hemostasis. The hemostasis rate was 77% with active bleeding in the BGU patients, 75% with active bleeding in the BDU patients. There was no significant difference between sclerotherapy and observation group with visible vessel and red spot on the ulcer base of the bleeding peptic ulcer patients. Conclusively, the endoscopic sclerotherapy was very useful and effective treatment method for the bleeding peptic ulcer, but we suggested that all the bleeding peptic ulcer patients should not have done the sclerotherapy.
Key Words: Peptic ulcer bleeding , Ethanol injection therapy
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