Korean J Gastrointest Endosc > Volume 18(5); 1998 > Article
Korean Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy 1998;18(5): 763-768.
증례 : 식도 위장관 ; Cytomegalovirus 에 의한 다발성 위장관 궤양 2예 ( Case Reports : Esophagus , Stomach & Intestine ; Two Cases of CMV Esophagitis and Proctitis )
황일란, 김진홍, 이광재, 신용준, 유병무, 김영수, 함기백, 조성원 (Il Ran Hwang, Jin Hong Kim, Kwang Jae Lee, Yong Jun Shin, Byeong Moo Yoo, Young Soo Kim, Ki Baik Hahm and Sung Won Cho)
Abstract
Gastrointestinal cytomegalovirus (CMV) disease most frequently occurs in adults with immune deficiency due to acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS), organ trans- plantation, cancer chemotherapy, and steroid therapy. Because the number of patients with immune deficiency has increased in recent years in Korea and CMV is one of the most common infecting complications in these settings, the number of patients with CMV disease is also increasing. Most cases of CMV disease are due to reactivation of a latent virus. The pathogenesis of this intestinal disease is vascular endothelial involvement with subsequent ischemic mucosal injury. An endoscopy usually reveals large, well defined ulcers greater than 3 cm. Deep longitudinal serpiginous ulcers represent a coalescence of adjoining smaller ulcers. CMV infection produces a characteristic cytomegalic cell containing a intranuclear inclusion, which is sometimes surrounded by a clear halo ("owl's eye"). The presence of cytomegalic cells on mucosal biopsy specimens stained with hematoxylin and eosin has been considered the golden standard for establishing the diagnosis of CMV gastrointestinal disease. Immunohistochemistry with monoclonal antibody to CMV antigens and in situ hybridization for CMV DNA are useful in the diagnosis. We report 2 cases of CMV esophagitis and proctitis which showed characteristic endoscopic and histologic findings of the CMV infection. (Korean J Gastrointest Endosc 18: 763-768, 1998)
Key Words: Cytomegalovirus ( CMV ) , Esophagitis , Proctitis
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