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HOME > Clin Endosc > Volume 19(6); 1999 > Article
[Epub ahead of print]
DOI: https://doi.org/
Published online: November 30, 1998
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Background
/Aims: The importance of esophageal hiatal hernias in the pathogenesis of gastroesophageal reflux disease has been debated. It has been reported that a variety of factors are associated with hiatal hernias and esophagitis. The purpose of this study was to determine the correlation between hiatal hernia, reflux esophagitis and weight, alcohol, smoking, coffee and H. pylori infection. Methods: 660 consecutive patients who had undergone an esophagogastroduodenoscopy due to upper gastrointestinal symptoms were reviewed. A diagnosis of hital hernia was made when the distance between the diaphragmatic crus and the tubular esophagus exceeded 1.5 cm, and the presence of a hernia sac at the U turn of the scope. Results: Among the 660 cases, 71 cases (10.8%) of hiatal hernia and 30 cases (4.5%) of reflux esophagitis were noted. The male-to-female ratio was 1.6:1 and 4.3:1, respectively. The most common age group involved the fifth decade and sixth decade. Reflux esophagitis was found in 13 (18.3%) of 71 patients with hiatal hernias. Hiatal hernias were found in 36 (17.9%) of 201 patients who were overweight (BMI>23) and in 43 (23%) of 187 patients who were smokers. Reflux esophagitis was found in 23 (11.9%) of 194 patients who were alcohol drinkers and in 21 (11.2%) of 187 patients who were smokers. H. pylori infection was present in 36 (50.7%) of 71 patients with hiatal hernias, and 17 (56.2%) of 30 patients with reflux esophagitis. Conclusions: The rate of the hiatal hernia was significantly higher in patients who were overweight and smokers. The rate of reflux esophagitis was significantly higher in patients who were alcohol drinkers and smokers. But in multivariate analysis, none were risk factors associated with hiatal hernias or reflux esophagitis. (Korean J Gastrointest Endosc 19: 861∼868, 1999)


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