Korean J Gastrointest Endosc > Volume 22(4); 2001 > Article
Korean Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy 2001;22(4): 195-201.
Clinical Significance of Endoscopic Ultrasonography in Gastritis Cystica Polyposa
Il-Kwun Chung, M.D., Eun-Joo Kim, M.D., Dae-Joong Kim, M.D.*,Moon-Soo Lee, M.D., Sang-Heum Park, M.D., Hong-Soo Kim, M.D.,Moon-Ho Lee, M.D. and Sun-Joo Kim, M.D.
Division of Gastroenterology, Departments of Internal Medicine, *Pathology andGeneral Surgery, Soonchunhyang University Chonan Hospital,Soonchunhyang University College of Medicine, Cheonan, Korea

Gastritis cystica polyposa (GCP) is one of multiple cystic lesions in the stomach. Endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) is the best diagnostic tool to evaluate small gastric cystic lesions at a preoperative state. The aim of this study is to evaluate the endoscopic and typical EUS findings of GCP.
From January 1995 to November 1999, nine cases of GCP were confirmed by endoscopic resection or operation. We analyzed clinical features, endoscopic findings, and EUS findings and compared them with histologic diagnosis.
Endoscopic findings of GCP were varied: 3 gastric polyps, 2 submucosal tumors (SMT), 2 flat elevated lesions, 1 hypertrophic gastritis, and 1 small polyp coexisting with gastric cancer. EUS findings were characterized by a mean size of 14.1 mm (9∼26 mm), multiple variable-sized anechoic lesions with intervening hyperechoic structures (8 cases), irregular margins (7), mucosa and submucosal thickening (6), and submucosal invasion by anechoic lesions (5 GCP profunda). In histologic findings, 6 GCP were associated with underlying gastritis only, 2 GCP with gastric tubular adenomas, and 1 GCP with EGC.
Endoscopic findings vary enough that endoscopists cannot initially confirm any impressions of GCP. EUS is an effective diagnostic tool to evaluate and differentiate GCP from protruding and elevated gastric lesions, and plays an important role to decide treatment methods for GCP and/or it's associated gastric tumorous lesions.
Key Words: Gastritis cystica polyposa, Endoscopic ultrasonography
주요어: 용종성 낭종성 위염(gastritis cystica polyposa), 초음파 내시경, 임상적 의의
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