Korean J Gastrointest Endosc > Volume 30(2); 2005 > Article
Korean Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy 2005;30(2): 60-65.
경피 내시경하 위루술의 합병증과 위루관 교체에 따른 환자 선택의 적절성
인제대학교 의과대학 내과학교실
The Proper Patient Selection for Percutaneous Endoscopic Gastrostomy according to the Complications and Tube Replacement
Sung Jun Kim, M.D., Won Chang Shin, M.D. and Jin Ho Lee, M.D.
Department of Internal Medicine, Sanggye Paik Hospital, Inje University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea

Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) is a commonly-performed procedure for patients with swallowing disabilities. Though safe and technically simple, PEG is often associated with some complications, and occasionally requires tube replacement. The aims of this study were to evaluate the complications and the proper indication of PEG by analyzing the success rate and tube replacement.
We reviewed medical records of 81 patients who underwent initial PEG and 92 patients who underwent tube replacement or removal from January 1995 to December 2003.
Underlying diseases included cerebrovascular accident (51%), spinal cord injury (12%), hypoxic brain damage (11%), and head trauma (11%). PEG success rate was 93%. Twenty five patients (31%) showed various complications. Wound infection was the most common (10/25, 40%) complication, and most complications (64%) occurred within 10 days, but 24% of complications occurred 1 month after the procedure. Mean duration for tube placement was 7.3 months. The reasons for tube replacement or removal were worn- out (36 cases, 39%), unwanted self extraction (14 cases, 15%), and death (11 cases, 12%).
PEG is a safe and effective method for enteral nutrition. However PEG shows some complications, and occasionally needs tube replacement. It is crucial to select the appropriate patient and to perform careful procedure. (Korean J Gastrointest Endosc 2005;30:60⁣65)
Key Words: Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy, Complication, Tube replacement
주요어: 경피 내시경하 위루술, 합병증, 위루관 교체
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