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Korean J Gastrointest Endosc > Volume 40(1); 2010 > Article
Korean Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy 2010;40(1): 9-15.
다양한 질환에서 내시경초음파 유도하 Trucut 조직검사의 진단적 활용
이진호ㆍ이정환ㆍ송정훈ㆍ옥경선ㆍ장원철ㆍ류수형ㆍ김유선ㆍ문정섭
인제대학교 의과대학 서울백병원 내과학교실
Diagnostic Use of Endoscopic Ultrasound-guided Trucut Biopsy in Various Diseases
Jin Ho Lee, M.D., Jung Hwan Lee, M.D., Jung Hoon Song, M.D., Kyung Sun Ok, M.D., Won Cheol Jang, M.D., Soo Hyung Ryu, M.D., You Sun Kim, M.D. and Jeong Seop Moon, M.D.
Department of Internal Medicine, Inje University College of Medicine, Seoul Paik Hospital, Seoul, Korea
Abstract

Background/Aims:
Endoscopic ultrasound-guided trucut biopsy (EUS-TCB) is a relatively new method, which facilitates obtaining a core biopsy through the gut wall. We evaluated the diagnostic accuracy of EUS-TCB based on the types of lesions.
Methods:
We retrospectively reviewed the database of 37 cases in 35 patients (mean age, 57.2±2.3 years; 23 men) with thoracic and abdominal masses who got EUS-TCB between January 2007 and June 2008. Final diagnoses were determined by malignant positive EUS specimens, surgical pathology, or the clinical course.
Results:
Adequate samples were obtained by EUS-TCB in 78.4% (29/37) of the cases. The overall diagnostic accuracies of the EUS-TCB were 73.0%. The mean size of the masses was 3.7±2.6 cm. The diagnostic accuracies of EUS-TCB according to the lesions were as follows: lymph node, 85.7% (18/21); subepithelial lesion, 60.0% (6/10); and solid tumor, 50% (3/6). With respect to accuracy, lymph nodes were significantly superior to non-lymph node lesions (p=0.046). There was a minor bleeding controlled by hemoclipping (2.7%).
Conclusions:
EUS-TCB is a useful technique for the diagnosis of lymph nodes, subepithelial tumors, and solid tumors that were not able to be diagnosed by other methods. In addition, EUS-TCB is a safe and minimally invasive method. (Korean J Gastrointest Endosc 2010;40:9-15)
Key Words: Endoscopic ultrasound, Trucut biopsy, Lymph node, Subepithelial lesion
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