Clin Endosc > Epub ahead of print
Role of Endoscopic Ultrasound-Guided Fine-Needle Aspiration in the Evaluation of Abdominal Lymphadenopathy of Unknown Etiology
Nonthalee Pausawasdi1,2 , Kotchakon Maipang1 , Tassanee Sriprayoon1 , Phunchai Charatchareonwitthaya1,2
1Siriraj GI Endoscopy Center, Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand
2Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand
Correspondence :  Nonthalee Pausawasdi ,Tel: +662-419-7281, Fax: +662-411-5013, Email: nonthaleep7@gmail.com
Received: August 12, 2021  Revised: October 16, 2021   Accepted: October 26, 2021
Abstract

Background/Aims:
Endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) is a standard procedure for obtaining tissue from lesions near the gastrointestinal lumen. However, there is a scarcity of information on the diagnostic performance of EUS-FNA for abdominal lymphadenopathy of unknown causes. To assess the accuracy of EUS-FNA in diagnosing abdominal lymphadenopathy of unknown etiology.
Methods:
The EUS records of patients with undiagnosed abdominal lymphadenopathy between 2010 and 2015 were reviewed.
Results:
A total of 42 patients were included in this study. Adequate specimens were obtained from 40 patients (95%). The final diagnoses were metastatic cancer (n=16), lymphoma (n=9), tuberculosis (n=8), inflammatory changes (n=6), and amyloidosis (n=1). For diagnosing malignancy, EUS-FNA had a sensitivity of 84.6%, specificity of 95.7%, positive predictive value of 91.7%, negative predictive value of 91.7%, and area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUROC) of 0.901. For the diagnosis of lymphoma, EUS-FNA was 100% accurate when combined with cytologic evaluation and immunohistochemical staining. The diagnostic sensitivity decreased to 75%, whereas the specificity remained 100%, for tuberculosis. The overall AUROC was 0.850. No procedure-related complications occurred.
Conclusions:
EUS-FNA showed high diagnostic performance for abdominal lymphadenopathy of unknown causes, especially malignancy, lymphoma, and tuberculosis. Therefore, it is a crucial diagnostic tool for this patient population.
Key Words: Endosonography; Fine-needle aspiration; Lymphadenopathy; Lymphoma; Tuberculous lymphadenitis
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