Korean J Gastrointest Endosc > Volume 39(6); 2009 > Article
Korean Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy 2009;39(6): 346-351.
소장 질환이 의심되는 소아에서 캡슐 내시경의 유용성
박혜진ㆍ이소연ㆍ고재성ㆍ서정기
서울대학교 의과대학 소아과학교실
Usefulness of Capsule Endoscopy in Children with Suspected Small Bowel Disease
Hae Jin Park, M.D., So Yeon Lee, M.D., Jae Sung Ko, M.D. and Jeong Kee Seo, M.D.
Department of Pediatrics, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
Abstract

Background/Aims:
The aim of our study is to investigate the diagnostic value and safety of capsule endoscopy (CE) in the pediatric patients with small bowel (SB) disease.
Methods:
We retrospectively reviewed the records of 29 children (mean age: 11.8 year) who underwent CE at Seoul National University Children's Hospital between November 2004 and April 2009.
Results:
Six (20%) of the total 29 patients could not swallow the capsule (mean age: 10.5 years), so the capsule was endoscopically placed into the stomach of these 6 patients. The CE examination for the entire SB was finished in 89.6% of the patients. The indications for CE studies were obscure gastrointestinal bleeding (OGIB) or anemia in 14 patients, intestinal polyposis in 8, abdominal pain in 4 and Crohn's disease in 3. The diagnostic yield of CE was 35.7% for OGIB or anemia, 37.5% for intestinal polyposis, 25% for abdominal pain and 33.3% for Crohn's disease. One patient had capsule retention during our CE investigations.
Conclusions:
CE is a safe and valuable tool for the detection of SB Crohn's disease, the focus of OGIB and the presence of SB polyps in pediatric patients. (Korean J Gastrointest Endosc 2009;39:346-351)
Key Words: Capsule endoscopy, Child, Small bowel disease, Obscure gastrointestinal bleeding, Crohn's disease
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