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HOME > Clin Endosc > Volume 26(6); 2003 > Article
Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography in Thirty-four Children
[Epub ahead of print]
Published online: June 30, 2003
Departments of *Pediatrics, Diagnostic Radiology and Internal Medicine, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea, Department of Internal Medicine, Eulji Medical Center, Eulji University School of Medicine, Daejeon, Korea
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/Aims: Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is being used with increasing frequency as a diagnostic and therapeutic tool in children with suspected disorders of the pancreaticobiliary tract. We reviewed ERCPs performed in children and investigated clinical indications and usefulness of ERCP. Methods: A total of 80 ERCPs were performed in 34 patients (age: 17 months∼15 yrs) at Asan Medical Center from 1994 to 2001. Adult side-viewing duodenoscope, Olympus JF or TJF, was used for all procedures. General anesthesia was used in 73% of the patients, whereas intravenous sedation was employed in the remainder. Results: Cannulation was successful in 77 attempts (96%). ERCP was commonly indicated for the evaluation of pancreatic disease (18 cases) such as acute pancreatitis (4), recurrent pancreatitis (4), chronic pancreatitis (9), and non-resolving acute pancreatitis (1). Biliary tract diseases (15 cases) were common bile duct stones (4), choledochal cyst (8), and traumatic or nontraumatic common bile duct stricture (3). Therapeutic ERCP (n=20) included sphincterotomy (55.9%), insertion of stents (12%), and removal of common bile duct stones or pancreatic duct stones with balloon or basket (32%). The complications were developed in 12 out of 80 attempts (15%) and resolved with medical management. Conclusions: ERCP seems to be a useful and relatively safe procedure in the evaluation of pancreaticobiliary disorders in children and also can be used for nonoperative treatment of these diseordrs. (Korean J Gastrointest Endosc 2003;26:418⁣425)

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